World Geography – Geographical Records of the world

World Geography – Geographical Records of the world

geography of the world - world geography

What is Geography?

World Geography is the study of Earth’s landscapes, peoples, places and environments. It is, quite simply, about the world in which we live. Geography is unique in bridging the social sciences (human geography) with the natural sciences (physical geography).

Geography puts this understanding of social and physical processes within the context of places and regions – recognising the great differences in cultures, political systems, economies, landscapes and environments across the world, and the links between them. Understanding the causes of differences and inequalities between places and social groups underlie much of the newer developments in human geography.

Geography provides an ideal framework for relating other fields of knowledge. It is not surprising that those trained as geographers often contribute substantially to the applied management of resources and environments.

Geography is, in the broadest sense, an education for life and for living. Learning through geography – whether gained through formal learning or experimentally through travel, fieldwork and expeditions – helps us all to be more socially and environmentally sensitive, informed and responsible citizens and employees.


Geography informs us about:

  • The places and communities in which we live and work
  • Our natural environments and the pressures they face
  • The interconnections of the world and our communities within it
  • How and why the world is changing, globally and locally
  • How our individual and societal actions contribute to those changes
  • The choices that exist in managing our world for the future
  • The importance of location in business and decision-making



World Geography

Largest ContinentAsiaSmallest ContinentAustralia
Most Populous ContinentAsiaLeast Populous ContinentAustralia
Largest Country in the Land SizeRussiaSmallest CountryState of Vatican City
Largest IslandGreenlandFirst Person to reach South PoleAmundsen
First Person to reach North Pole Robert PeareyPerson in SpaceYuri Gagarin
Person to MoonNeil Armstrong First Female to climb Mount EverestJunko Taibei
First Man to Walk in SpaceAlexei LeonovWomen Cosmonaut in SpaceValentina Tereshkova
Largest PeninsulaArabiaLeast Populous CountryState of Vatican City
Smallest Islamic CountryMaldivesMost densely populated territoryMacao
Highest Capital CityLa Paz in BoliviaLargest OceanPacific Ocean
Largest SeaSouth China SeaLargest BayBay of Hudson
Largest Active VolcanoMauna Loa, Hawaii, USAMost Populous CountryChina
Largest Islamic CountryIndonesiaOldest Capital CityDamascus
Greatest land Mountain RangeHimalayaSmallest OceanArtic Ocean
Largest GulfThe Gulf of MexicoHighest Mountain PeakMount Everest
River carries the maximum volume of waterAmazonLargest Fresh water LakeLake Superior
Country of shortest coastlineManacoTallest tree in the worldRedwood
Driest place of the worldDeath ValleyTallest Building of the WorldBurj Khalifa
World's highest Waterfall is inVenezuelaColdest Planet Neptune
Planet Nearest to EarthVenusBrightest PlanetVenus
World's highest WaterfallAngelSaltiest Water Lake of the worldAssal Lake
Longest GlacierLambert GlacierSecond Largest DesertSahara Desert
Biggest RiverAmazon RiverLargest DesertAntarctica (According to definition of Dessert)
Largest Salt Water LakeCaspian SeaColdest place in the WorldVostok in Antarctica
Planet with most Satellite isJupiterFastest PlanetMercury
Hottest PlanetVenusDeepest Lake in the WorldBaikal
Longest Land Mountain RangeAndes of S.AmericaHottest Place of the WorldAziziya (Libiya)
Largest LakeThe CaspianLongest Coastline CountryCanada
Longest RiverNile, Egypt